Monday, March 30, 2015

Sport Specialization: Take the summer off!

Dr. DeLuca works with pro athlete who made it to the top without spending 12 months a year playing the sport as kids. That's just one reason he advises taking breaks from each sport.

Sport Specialization: Take the summer off!


One significant change in the care of athletes over the last 10 years has been this concept of specialization. When I grew up you typically played football in the fall, basketball/hockey in the winter and baseball in the spring. The summer was spent going on vacation with your family or getting a job to make some cash for the rest of the year.

Now pre-teens and teens are selecting a sport that they excel at and play that sport 12 months a year. There are numerous arguments for this practice that Dr. Joel Fish enumerated in a previous blog such as not lagging behind other athletes in order to compete for a potential scholarship.

  • The median household income in 2011 was $50,000
  • The average cost for college is $43,000/year

A few years ago a friend of my daughter was a star athlete in 3 sports and never had an injury. He decided that he wanted to only play basketball. His family invested thousands of dollars paying for camps and leagues throughout the year for him to participate in his dream sport. That’s when all the injuries began. He had multiple stress fractures, knee sprains, hand fractures, recurrent ankle sprains that left him with unstable ankles and bursitis. It was this experience with this one patient that made me look deeper into this phenomenon of sports specialization.

Every sport that one plays, places stress on different anatomical structures of the body. All parts of our body such as bone, ligaments and tendons have a breaking point. So if you apply the same stress repetitively to that structure (as one does when they play one sport the entire year), it will eventually fail. Our bodies, independent of age, need time to recover and allow for healing. Each sport carries their own inherent risks but by playing different sports, one is stressing different structures for shorter periods of time thereby lessening the chance of injury to one particular part of the body.

“Tommy John” surgery was developed by Dr. Frank Jobe to solve a major problem in the elbow in the aging pitcher. The more someone throws, the greater the strain on the ulnar collateral ligament of the elbow to where it eventually tears. Many years ago this was an injury we saw in the 30-ish year old pitcher. Now we are seeing it in high school baseball players. The simple reason for this increase incidence of these elbow ligament tears is because these athletes are throwing all year-round and not having any “downtime” to allow the ligament to rest and recover.

I asked one of the Flyers about the time they spent playing hockey growing up in Canada. He said he played from August to April and played baseball for a few months. It seems this concept of sports specialization is indigenous to the United States only. This particular Flyer, as well as others, made it to the NHL without playing just one sport for 12 months a year.

Sports specialization does not guarantee that the athlete will get a scholarship to college or make it to the professional level, but studies are showing that it will increase the risk of injury. Experience the benefits that different sports offer and take the summer off.

Read more Sports Doc for Sports Medicine and Fitness.

About this blog

Whether you are a weekend warrior, an aging baby boomer, a student athlete or just someone who wants to stay active, this blog is for you. Read about our growing list of expert contributors here.

J. Ryan Bair, PT, DPT, SCS Founder and Owner of FLASH Sports Physical Therapy, Board Certified in Sports Physical Therapy
Brian Cammarota, MEd, ATC, CSCS, CES Partner at Symetrix Sports Performance
Ellen Casey, MD Physician with Drexel University Sports Medicine
Desirea D. Caucci, PT, DPT, OCS Co-owner of Conshohocken Physical Therapy, Board Certified Orthopedic Clinical Specialist
Michael G. Ciccotti, M.D. Head Team Physician for Phillies & St. Joe's; Rothman Institute
Julie Coté, PT, MPT, OCS, COMT Magee Rehabilitation Hospital
Justin D'Ancona Health
Peter F. DeLuca, M.D. Head Team Physician for Eagles, Head Orthopedic Surgeon for Flyers; Rothman Institute
Joel H. Fish, Ph.D. Director of The Center For Sport Psychology; Sports Psychology Consultant for 76ers & Flyers
R. Robert Franks, D.O. Team Physician for USA Wrestling, Consultant for Phillies; Rothman Institute
Ashley B. Greenblatt, ACE-CPT Certified Personal Trainer, The Sporting Club at The Bellevue
Eugene Hong, MD, CAQSM, FAAFP Team Physician for Drexel, Philadelphia Univ., Saint Joe’s, & U.S. National Women’s Lacrosse
Brian Maher, BS, CSCS Owner, Philly Personal Training
Julia Mayberry, M.D. Attending Hand & Upper Extremity Surgeon, Main Line Hand Surgery P.C.
Jim McCrossin, ATC Strength and Conditioning Coach, Flyers and Phantoms
Gavin McKay, NASM-CPT Founder/Franchisor, Unite Fitness
Kevin Miller Fitness Coach, Philadelphia Union
Heather Moore, PT, DPT, CKTP Owner of Total Performance Physical Therapy, North Wales and Hatfield, PA
Kelly O'Shea Senior Health Producer,
Tracey Romero Sports Medicine Editor,
David Rubenstein, M.D. Sports Medicine Surgeon, Rothman Institute
Robert Senior Event coverage, Sports Doc contributor
Justin Shaginaw, MPT, ATC Athletic Trainer for US Soccer Federation; Aria 3B Orthopaedic Institute
Thomas Trojian MD, CAQSM, FACSM Associate Chief of the Division of Sports Medicine at Drexel University
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