DAMASCUS, Syria - The Syrian army and rebels unleashed deadly new attacks on each other Friday in Aleppo, with insurgents shelling a mosque during weekly prayers and government airstrikes hitting opposition neighborhoods in escalating bloodshed the U.N. decried as a "monstrous disregard for civilian lives by all parties."
More than 200 people have been killed in eight days of mounting violence in and around the contested northern city, including 15 at the Malla Khan mosque hit by rebel rockets and another 10 from the government warplanes and helicopters, officials said.
The surge in fighting has caused the collapse of a two-month cease-fire brokered by the U.S. and Russia. It also has raised fears of an all-out government assault on Aleppo and warnings of a humanitarian disaster in the 5-year-old civil war.
In rebel-held neighborhoods, medical facilities, bakeries and a water station have been pounded by a government bombardment, residents say. Electricity is down to a few hours a week. A single road out of Aleppo is the only supply line for the insurgent-controlled districts, where an estimated 250,000 people remain. If forces loyal to President Bashar Assad take the road, there could be major shortages of food and medicines.
"People have already started fleeing the city," said Baraa al-Halaby, an activist who watched older men, women and children leave his rebel-held neighborhood Friday. "If Aleppo comes under siege, people will starve to death within a month."
Assad's military declared a brief truce in the capital of Damascus and its outskirts and the coastal province of Latakia - but not in Aleppo.
That could signal plans for a ground assault. Pro-Assad media in Lebanon have been reporting for weeks that reinforcements are preparing for the "grand battle of Aleppo."
Syria's largest city and its commercial center before the war, Aleppo has been divided between the two camps. Now it is once more the main battleground after peace talks stalled in Geneva.
Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein, the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights, said the latest fighting showed a "monstrous disregard for civilian lives by all parties to the conflict."
In a statement released in Geneva, Zeid urged the sides to step back from a return to all-out war.