If you're wondering what performance-enhancing advantage suspended Phillies catcher Carlos Ruiz might have received from taking the amphetamine Adderall, there is a terrific story by Larry Stone in Wednesday's edition of the Seattle Times.
In the story, Dr. Gary Wadler, a past chairman of the World Anti-Doping Agency's Prohibited List Committee, goes into great detail about why the medication used to treat ADHD -- attention deficit hyperactivty disorder -- is considered a performance-enhancing drug.
"It masks fatigue, masks pain, increases arousal — like being in The Zone," Wadler told Stone. "It increases alertness, aggressiveness, attention and concentration. It improves reaction time, especially when fatigued. Some think it enhances hand-eye coordination. Some believe it increases the mental aspects of performance."
Wadler, an associate professor of medicine at Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine, described Adderall as "one of the quintessential performance-enhancing drugs. There's no question it's a performance-enhancing drug."