Haddonfield celebrates 300 years of history
Haddonfield's settlement date of 1713 was established during the town's bicentennial celebration in 1913. More than 6,000 people attended the event, which was chaired by one of Elizabeth Haddon's descendants, Samuel R. Nicholson, along with James L. Pennypacker and Julia B. Gill. A memorial to Elizabeth Haddon Estaugh was erected in the town's Friends Cemetery.
Among Haddonfield's most famous landmarks is the Indian King Tavern. Built in 1750, the tavern became the temporary home of the New Jersey Council and General Assembly, the colony's governing body, after its headquarters was destroyed during the Battle of Trenton in December 1776. The assembly worked from the tavern throughout most of 1777, and it was there that it legally declared the colony a state and adopted the New Jersey Great Seal. The tavern also hosted the first reading of the Declaration of Independence in New Jersey.
Haddonfield is also known for being the site where, in 1858, reformer, geologist, and historian William Parker Foulke discovered the world's first dinosaur skeleton. The Hadrosaurus foulkii made Foulke and his partner Joseph Leidy famous, and its discovery propelled paleontology and the search for dinosaur bones during the latter half of the 19th century. The skeleton is on display at the Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University.
Content and images provided by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. For more stories, visit www.hsp.org.