ON MONDAY, President Obama offered a set of proposals for helping America's troubled middle class.
All are sensible and worthwhile. But none will bring jobs back. And Americans can be forgiven for wondering how the president plans to enact any of these ideas anyway when he can no longer muster 60 votes in the Senate.
The bigger news is that he's planning a three-year budget freeze on a big chunk of discretionary spending. Wall Street is delighted. But it means Main Street is in worse trouble than ever.
A freeze will make it even harder to get jobs back because government is the last spender around. Consumers have pulled back, investors won't do much until they know consumers are out there, exports are minute.
In December 1994, Bill Clinton proposed a so-called "m iddle- class bill of rights," including more tax credits for families with children, expanded retirement accounts and tax-deductible college tuition.
Clinton had lost his battle for health-care reform. Even worse, by that time the Dems had lost the House and Senate. Washington was riding a huge anti-incumbent wave. Right-wing populists were ascendant, with Newt Gingrich and Fox News leading the charge. Bill Clinton thought it desperately important to assure Americans he was on their side.
Two months later, Clinton summoned Dick Morris to the White House to figure out how he could move to the right and better position himself for re-election. The answer: Balance the budget.
But in 1994, Clinton's inconsistencies didn't much matter. The U.S. economy was coming out of a recession. It was of no consequence that Clinton's jobs proposals were small or that he moved to the right and whacked the budget, because within a year the great American jobs machine was blasting away and the middle class felt a lot better.
Dick Morris wasn't responsible for Clinton's re-election. Nor was his move to the right. What re-elected Clinton in 1996 was a vigorous jobs recovery that was on the way to happening anyway.
Today, though, there's no sign of a vigorous recovery. Jobs may come back a bit in the next few months, but the country has lost so many that it will be years before the middle class can relax. Plus, this recession isn't like other recessions in recent memory. It has more to do with problems in the structure of the economy than with the ups and downs of the business cycle.
Obama's package of middle-class benefits, like Clinton's, is small potatoes. They're worthwhile but pale relative to the size of the challenge America's middle class is now facing.
OBAMA CAN no longer afford to come up with lists of nice things to do. At the least, he has to do two very big and important things: (1) Enact a second stimulus. It should mainly focus on bailing out state and local governments that are cutting services and raising taxes, and squeezing the middle class. This would be the best way to reinvigorate the economy quickly. (2) Help distressed homeowners by letting them include their mortgage debt in personal bankruptcy - which will give them far more leverage with mortgage lenders. (Wall Street hates this.)
But instead of moving in this direction, Obama is moving in the opposite one. His three-year freeze on a large portion of discretionary spending will make it impossible for him to do much of anything for the middle class that's important.
Chalk up another win for Wall Street, another loss for Main.
Robert B. Reich, secretary of labor in the Clinton administration, is a professor of public policy at University of California Berkeley. This piece originally appeared on Politico.com.