Sunday, November 19, 2017

Timeline: A look back at Philly's mayors

Timeline: A look back at Philly's mayors
Below is the full list, in chronological order, of Philadelphia's 98 mayors since its colonial beginning. The men (there have been no women elected to the office) are accompanied by historical events from Philadelphia's rich past.
Click on the images to enlarge them. Hover over the timeline to see the mayor's name and term.
Tap on the images to enlarge them. Tap on the timeline to see the mayor's name and term.
colonial
provincial assembly
Federalist
Democratic-Republican
National-republican
whig
democrat
republican
1691
1710
1730
1750
1770
1790
1810
1830
1850
1870
1890
1910
1930
1950
1970
1990
Present
1691: Humphrey Morrey was appointed by William Penn, Proprietor of the Colony of Pennsylvania, to be the first mayor of Philadelphia.
Humphrey Morrey
1691-1701
Getty Images
1701: City charter was granted and Edward Shippen (pictured) was named Mayor for a one-year term. Starting in 1702, the Common Council of Philadelphia elected a mayor from among their members.
Edward Shippen
1701-1703
Anthony Morris
1703-1704
Griffith Jones
1704-1705
Joseph Willcox
1705-1706
Nathan Stanbury
1706-1707
Thomas Masters
1707-1709
Richard Hill
1709-1710
William Carter
1710-1711
Samuel Preston
1711-1712
Jonathon Dickinson
1712-1713
George Roch
1713-1714
Richard Hill
1714-1717
Jonathon Dickinson
1717-1719
William Fishbourn
1719-1722
James Logan
1722-1723
Clement Plumsted
1723-1724
Isaac Norris
1724-1725
William Hudson
1725-1726
Charles Read
1726-1727
Thomas Lawrence
1727-1729
Thomas Griffitts
1729-1731
Samuel Hasell
1731-1733
Thomas Griffitts
1733-1734
Thomas Lawrence
1734-1735
William Allen
1735-1736
1737-1738: The last of Thomas Griffitts' three one-year terms.
Clement Plumsted
1736-1737
Thomas Griffitts
1737-1738
Anthony Morris
1738-1739
Edward Roberts
1739-1740
Samuel Hasell
1740-1741
Clement Plumsted
1741-1742
William Till
1742-1743
Benjamin Shoemaker
1743-1744
Edward Shippen
1744-1745
James Hamilton
1745-1746
William Attwood
1746-1748
Charles Willing
1748-1749
Thomas Lawrence
1749-1750
William Plumsted
1750-1751
Robert Strettell
1751-1752
Getty Images
1753: The Liberty Bell was made in London and sent to Independence Hall (then called the Pennsylvania State House).
Benjamin Shoemaker
1752-1753
Thomas Lawrence
1753-1754
Charles Willing
1754
William Plumsted
1754-1756
Attwood Shute
1756-1758
Thomas Lawrence
1758-1759
John Stamper
1759-1760
Benjamin Shoemaker
1760-1761
Jacob Duche
1761-1762
Henry Harrison
1762-1763
Thomas Willing
1763-1764
Thomas Lawrence
1764-1765
John Lawrence
1765-1767
Isaac Jones
1767-1769
Samuel Shoemaker
1769-1771
John Gibson
1771-1773
William Fisher
1773-1774
1776: The Declaration of Independence is adopted, which abolishes the city government and places the Provincial Assembly of Pennsylvania in control of city functions. The state governed until a new city charter was granted in 1789.
Samuel Rhoads
1774-1775
Samuel Powel
1775-1776
Provincial Assembly of Pennsylvania
1776-1789
Public domain
1786: First skiff steamboat navigated on the Delaware River by John Fitch.
Samuel Powel
1789-1790
Samuel Miles
1790-1791
1793: Yellow fever epidemic hit Philadelphia in July. Philadelphia was then the most cosmopolitan city in the US: 5,000 out of 45,000 died.
John Barclay
1791-1792
Matthew Clarkson
1792-1796
Hilary Baker
1796-1798
Robert Wharton
1798-1800
John Inskeep
1800-1801
Matthew Lawler
1801-1805
John Inskeep
1805-1806
Robert Wharton
1806-1807
John Barker
1807-1810
Robert Wharton
1810-1811
Michael Keppele
1811-1812
John Barker
1812-1813
John Geyer
1813-1814
Robert Wharton
1814-1819
James Nelson Barker
1819-1820
Robert Wharton
1820-1824
1826: Council had the right to elect any citizen of Philadelphia as mayor, not just a member of Council.
Joseph Watson
1824-1828
George Mifflin Dallas
1828-1829
Benjamin Wood Richards
1829
1829: Eastern State Penitentiary opened as part of a controversial movement to change the behavior of inmates through "confinement in solitude with labor."
William Milnor
1829-1830
Benjamin Wood Richards
1830-1832
John Swift
1832-1838
Isaac Roach
1838-1839
1839: Citizens are permitted to vote directly for Mayor and John Swift became the first Mayor elected by the people in Philadelphia.
John Swift
1839-1841
John Morin Scott
1841-1844
Peter McCall
1844-1845
John Swift
1845-1849
Joel Jones
1849-1850
1854: The city and county of Philadelphia is consolidated into one political and geographical unit. Robert Thomas Conrad was the first mayor of Consolidated City of Philadelphia.
Term length extended from one to two years.
Charles Gilpin
1850-1854
Robert Thomas Conrad
1854-1856
Richard Vaux
1856-1858
1861: Term length extended to three years.
Alexander Henry
1858-1866
Morton McMichael
1866-1869
Library of Congress
1871: City Hall construction began and took over 30 years to complete.
Daniel Fox
1869-1872
William Strumberg Stockley
1872-1881
Samuel George King
1881-1884
1885: The Act of 1885 prohibited any mayor from succeeding himself. This wasn't lifted until the 1940s.
William Burns Smith
1884-1887
Edwin Henry Fitler
1887-1891
1887: Term length reached its current length of four years.
Edwin Sydney Stuart
1891-1895
Charles Franklin Warwick
1895-1899
Samuel Howell Ashbridge
1899-1903
John Weaver
1903-1907
John Edger Reyburn
1907-1911
Rudolph Blankenburg
1911-1916
Thomas B. Smith
1916-1920
Joseph Hampton Moore
1920-1924
W. Freeland Kendrick
1924-1928
Harry Arista Mackey
1928-1932
Joseph Hampton Moore
1932-1936
Samuel Davis Wilson
1936-1939
George Connell
1939-1940
Robert Eneas Lamberton
1940-1941
Bernard Samuel
1941-1952
1951: A mayor may not serve more than 2 consecutive terms.
Joseph Sill Clark Jr.
1952-1956
Staff Photog.
1962: Dilworth leaves office, but he is still remembered because his name was given to the plaza at City Hall rebuilt last year for $55 million.
Richardson Dilworth
1956-1962
1964: Riots broke out on Columbia Avenue, now Cecil B. Moore Avenue, in North Philadelphia. More than 330 people were hurt, including 100 police officers.
James Hugh Joseph Tate
1962-1972
Frank Lazarro Rizzo
1972-1980
AP
1980: The Phillies won the World Series. (Meanwhile, the Sixers lost the 1979-1980 NBA Finals, the Flyers lost the 1979-1980 Stanley Cup Finals, and the Eagles lost Super Bowl XV.)
William Joseph Green III
1980-1984
Daily News
1985: MOVE bombing in West Philadelphia.
Willie Wilson Goode
1984-1992
Edward Gene Rendell
1992-2000
John F. Street
2000-2008
AP Photo
Present: Michael Nutter, current Mayor of Philadelphia.
Michael Nutter
2008-Present
SOURCE: City of Philadelphia; Independence Hall Association in Philadelphia; Harvard University Library Contagion Historical Views of Diseases and Epidemics; Britannica; Reading Terminal Market; IMBD; Philadelphia Museum of Art; The Dr. Magnus Hirschfeld Fund
OLIVIA HALL / Philly.com
Circa 1780: Edward Shippen (1729 - 1806). American jurist. His daughter married Contintental general and traitor Benedict Arnold. Postwar, chief of justice of Pennsylvania State supreme court. Engraving by E Wellmore from a painting by G Stewart. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
1753, Philadelphia's Liberty Bell being tested in the Pass and Stow Foundry, with the American statesman, writer and scientist Benjamin Franklin (1706 - 1790)(hat under arm) present. Original artwork: Painting by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris (1863 - 1930). (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images)
(Public domain)
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(Library of Congress)
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Osage Ave. burns as neighborhood people gather along the perimeter of police barricades during the evening of May 13, 1985. (Mary D'Anella / For the Philadelphia Daily News)
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Philadelphia Mayor Michael Nutter speaks during a signing ceremony, Monday, Jan. 13, 2014, at City Hall in Philadelphia. Nutter signed an ordinance Monday that creates a municipal land bank. (Matt Rourke / Associated Press)
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Philadelphia Phillies pitcher Steve Carlton bears down on the first pitch of World Series game with the Kansas City Royals on Wednesday, Oct. 15, 1980 in Philadelphia. (AP Photo)
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An aerial view from the Municipal Services Building of Dilworth Park in front of City Hall. (CLEM MURRAY / Staff Photographer)
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