Ukraine ramps up efforts against pro-Russian separatists
DONETSK, Ukraine - Ukrainian authorities vowed Saturday to restore control over the roiling eastern part of their nation, slowly advancing on two key breakaway cities even as the Kremlin and its supporters in Ukraine said the violence demanded a response.
The military operations Saturday claimed at least 10 lives, medical officials said, a day after a conflagration in a trade union building killed dozens of pro-Russian activists in the port city of Odessa in the bloodiest day in Ukraine in nearly three months.
Ukraine's acting president, Oleksandr Turchynov, declared a two-day national mourning period, as grieving residents of Odessa streamed to the burned-out building to lay flowers. Thousands of mourners took to the streets of the city, which until the previous day had been largely untouched by the kind of violence that has plagued eastern Ukraine for weeks.
The violence was an ominous development in the unfolding turmoil in Ukraine, because Odessa, more than 300 miles to the west of the bulk of separatist sentiments, lies on a belt extending into Moldova that Russian President Vladimir Putin has noted was historically part of the Russian Empire.
Reporters in Odessa said the mourners chanted, "Odessa is a Russian city."
By day's end, Ukrainian authorities in the east said they had encircled Slovyansk and retaken portions of Kramatorsk, including a television tower that had been seized by pro-Russian activists, although the core of the city appeared to remain in rebel hands. Separatists in Slovyansk on Saturday freed a team of international observers from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) who had been held hostage for more than a week, after Putin sent an envoy to push for their release.
Russian envoy Vladimir Lukin, Donetsk Gov. Serhiy Taruta, and Thorbjorn Jagland, a Norwegian politician serving as secretary general of the Council of Europe, confirmed the OSCE hostages' release at a news conference Saturday, saying it had been secured without conditions. They said there was no sign the hostages, European military observers, had been tortured or mistreated.
The hostages "had a very good attitude, and that gave them the strength to stand the situation," said German Col. Axel Schneider, one of the detainees, the Associated Press reported. "We have been treated as good as possible."
Secretary of State John Kerry welcomed the release of the OSCE personnel and condemned violence "by any side."
"It's a step," he said of the release. "But there are many other steps that need to be taken in order to be able to de-escalate the situation."
Kerry, speaking in Kinshasa, Congo, said he had discussed those steps in a call Saturday to Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov. He said he reiterated the warning of economic sanctions against Russia issued by President Obama and German Chancellor Angela Merkel last week, adding that any such measures would include broad sanctions on sectors of the Russian economy. He did not elaborate.
He said he and Lavrov also discussed the rising level of violence in eastern Ukraine.
"The United States condemns the violence that has been taking place by any side," Kerry said. "That includes the violence of anyone who lit a fire and caused the deaths of those 38 people or more in a building in Odessa."
But the two officials appeared to be talking past each other.
Lavrov told Kerry "the punitive operation in southeastern Ukraine is putting the country into a fratricidal conflict," the Russian Foreign Ministry said in a statement after the conversation. Russia's top diplomat called on the United States "to use all its influence to force the Kiev regime protected by it, which has declared a war on its own people, to immediately halt the military action in the southeastern regions, remove the troops, and release protesters."
Lavrov also called for the OSCE to help defuse tensions and establish a "nationwide dialogue" focused on constitutional changes Russia hopes would give more autonomy to the ethnically Russian eastern parts of Ukraine, a measure that would award Russia more influence over the region.
But, Lavrov said, "chances still remain" for a dialogue.
On the ground in eastern Ukraine, Kiev's control Saturday appeared patchy. In Donetsk, masked men, some dressed in black, others in camouflage, smashed and looted two buildings that symbolized the Ukrainian state as hundreds of civilians chanted, "Odessa will not be forgiven," as well as, "Russia" and, "No to fascism."
The men attacked the abandoned office of the State Security Service and the office of a metallurgical company partly owned by Taruta, the Kiev-appointed governor. They smashed windows with batons and sticks, and carried away computers, keyboards, bottles of wine and spirits - almost anything they could lay their hands on. The company is also partly owned by Russian businessmen.