Otto Piene | German artist, 86
Mr. Piene was born 1928 in Bad Laasphe in western Germany and studied at the academies of fine arts in Munich and Duesseldorf. In 1957, with fellow artist Heinz Mack, he founded the influential European postwar movement Group Zero - breaking the traditional boundaries of the fine arts by experimenting with light, air, movement, fire, and metal.
In 1974, Mr. Piene was named director of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Center for Advanced Visual Studies. He retired in 1993.
His work has been exhibited in more than 100 galleries and museums worldwide and was shown at the 1972 Munich Olympic Games.