Arthur Gelb | N.Y. Times editor, 90
Mr. Gelb joined the Times as a copyboy in 1944 and rose to become its managing editor, retiring in 1989. Along the way, he was an arts writer, a metropolitan editor, and a newsroom leader who helped create the Sports Monday, Science Times, and other daily sections.
Just three days into his copyboy job, Mr. Gelb got editors' OK for a news outlet of his own: a weekly about the internal life of the newspaper. He quickly got to know reporters and editors, and promotions followed.
When a B-25 bomber crashed into the Empire State Building in 1945, Mr. Gelb reported from Bellevue Hospital. Nurses spoke openly with the young, inexperienced reporter and taught him "a journalistic virtue: naivete," he wrote later.
He was metro editor from 1967 to 1978, leading coverage of a city wracked by antiwar protests, a municipal near-bankruptcy, and police corruption.
He became deputy managing editor in 1977 and managing editor in 1986. After retiring, he served as president of the Times' charitable foundation. - AP