Alice Herz-Sommer | Holocaust survivor, 110
Ms. Herz-Sommer's devotion to the piano and to her son sustained her through two years in a Nazi prison camp. A film about her, The Lady in Number 6: Music Saved My Life, has been nominated for best short documentary at Sunday's Academy Awards.
An accomplished pianist, Ms. Herz-Sommer, her husband, and her son were sent from Prague in 1943 to a concentration camp in the Czech city of Terezin - Theresienstadt in German - where inmates were allowed to stage concerts in which she frequently starred.
An estimated 140,000 Jews were sent to Terezin, and 33,430 died there. About 88,000 were moved on to Auschwitz and other death camps, where most were killed. Ms. Herz-Sommer and her son, Stephan, were among fewer than 20,000 who were freed when the camp was liberated by the Soviet army in 1945. Her husband died of typhus at Dachau. - AP