Reduce Your Diabetes Risk


If your physician says your blood glucose (sugar) levels are high – not to the level of diabetes – but enough above normal to fit the definition of pre-diabetes, take the message seriously.

Losing weight and lowering your blood glucose levels may help reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a recent study from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.

Researchers looked at data from participants in a diabetes prevention study conducted several years ago in 27 health centers throughout the U.S.

In that work, volunteers who were overweight, with high blood glucose (sugar) were divided into different groups. One received intensive lifestyle intervention including counseling, diet instruction and exercise advice. A second group received metformin, a diabetes drug designed to reduce blood sugar levels, and the third took a placebo.

The volunteers who lost 10 percent or more of their body weight within the first six months of diagnosis had an 85 percent reduction of risk of developing type 2 diabetes within three years.

Those who took the diabetes drug did not lose much weight on average, but if they lowered their blood glucose levels with the medication, their diabetes risk dropped as well.

The study emphasizes the importance of managing pre-diabetes, according to

Dr. Nisa M. Maruthur, assistant professor of medicine and epidemiology

She looked at weight loss results for the first six months after a pre-diabetes diagnosis because that was a strong predictor of how successful people would be in preventing diabetes.

Although not everyone with pre-diabetes will develop type 2 diabetes, the risk is substantially increased with 10 years if you don’t do anything, according to Dr. Maruthur.

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