Saturday, November 28, 2015

Spring Sports Preview: Baseball is just around the corner

Though snow covers the ground and temperatures dip below freezing, make no mistake, spring and baseball are just around the corner! It behooves any committed ballplayer, young and old alike, to begin the appropriate preseason conditioning.

Spring Sports Preview: Baseball is just around the corner


Though snow covers the ground and temperatures dip below freezing, make no mistake—spring and baseball are just around the corner! It behooves any committed ballplayer, young and old alike, to begin the appropriate preseason conditioning.

This requires much more than just picking up a ball and letting it fly. Even though every one of us has at one time or another thrown a ball, it actually is an extremely complex activity that requires that the entire body be in tip-top shape. Studies have suggested that a well-focused, balanced whole body preseason program can enhance performance and help avoid injuries. This program includes several basic principles:

  • Flexibility minimum of 3 times/week.
  • Strengthening3 times/week in coordination with flexibility training.
  • Aerobic Training can be done on the same or on alternate days with flexibility and strengthening.
  • Sport-specific Activities throwing, Hitting, Base Running, and Situational Training are performed on non-strengthening days.

So what’s the template? How do you appropriately and safely apply those principles? Here are some tips:

1) Balanced Flexibility– gentle stretching of the upper and lower extremities, with particular focus on the throwing arm, as well as the trunk is essential. These stretches should be slow, sustained, and non-ballistic. Special attention should be placed on shoulder internal rotation.
2) Balanced Strengthening– muscle strengthening with low weights and higher repetitions will aid strength without creating the decreased flexibility seen with too much muscle mass.
3) Core Strengthening– strengthening of the abdominal and back muscles (crunches/sit-ups/ball exercises) is essential in the throwing athlete.
4) Leg Strengthening– strong legs (leg press/quad extensions/hamstrings/lunges/squats) create the base needed to throw effectively and safely.
 5) Aerobic Training– cycling, running, elliptical are all excellent. This aerobic activity should be gradually increased over several weeks aiming for ~30-45 minutes of aerobic workout.
6) Sports-specific Training–every ballplayer should prepare by reviewing all the proper techniques of baseball playing:

  • Tossing Program (Short Toss/Long Toss)– all ballplayers will benefit by a progressive tossing program, aka playing catch with a team mate and progressively increasing the distance to ~180-220 feet.
  • Pitching Program— pitchers then proceed to a pitching program where they throw fastballs first with increasing effort, then followed by off-speed pitches. This can be done on flat ground followed by the mound.
  • Base-Running– all players benefit by re-acclimating to running the base paths. This is truly different than sprint or interval training.
  • Situational Training– finally all players will profit by reviewing some of the split-second decision making that occurs with various baseball situations (i.e.  bunting, base-stealing, tagging up, double-plays, etc.).
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So there it is! It may sound straightforward, but such a program requires focused effort on the part of the ballplayer. Youth ballplayers are especially benefitted by this type of structured program. Often great help can be attained by working with a coach or trainer.

If you happen to be recovering from an injury or surgery, you should consult with a Sports Medicine Specialist before safely progressing in this type of program. So pull out the glove, ball, and bat…and get to it! But most importantly, be sure to have fun too!

 -Dr. Michael Ciccotti, M.D.

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About this blog
Sarah Whitman, MD Sports Psychiatrist in Philadelphia
Tracey Romero Sports Medicine Editor,
J. Ryan Bair, PT, DPT, SCS Founder and Owner of FLASH Sports Physical Therapy, Board Certified in Sports Physical Therapy
Brian Cammarota, ATC, PT, DPT, CSCS Partner at Symetrix Sports Performance
Ellen Casey, MD Physician with Drexel University Sports Medicine
Desirea D. Caucci, PT, DPT, OCS Co-owner of Conshohocken Physical Therapy, Board Certified Orthopedic Clinical Specialist
Michael G. Ciccotti, M.D. Head Team Physician for Phillies & St. Joe's; Rothman Institute
Julie Coté, PT, MPT, OCS, COMT Magee Rehabilitation Hospital
Peter F. DeLuca, M.D. Head Team Physician for Eagles, Head Orthopedic Surgeon for Flyers; Rothman Institute
Joel H. Fish, Ph.D. Director of The Center For Sport Psychology; Sports Psychology Consultant for 76ers & Flyers
R. Robert Franks, D.O. Team Physician for USA Wrestling, Consultant for Phillies; Rothman Institute
Ashley B. Greenblatt, ACE-CPT Certified Personal Trainer, The Sporting Club at The Bellevue
Eugene Hong, MD, CAQSM, FAAFP Team Physician for Drexel, Philadelphia Univ., Saint Joe’s, & U.S. Lacrosse
Brian Maher, BS, CSCS Owner, Philly Personal Training
Julia Mayberry, M.D. Attending Hand & Upper Extremity Surgeon, Main Line Hand Surgery P.C.
Gavin McKay, NASM-CPT Founder/Franchisor, Unite Fitness
Heather Moore, PT, DPT, CKTP Owner of Total Performance Physical Therapy, North Wales and Hatfield, PA
Justin Shaginaw, MPT, ATC Athletic Trainer for US Soccer Federation; Aria 3B Orthopaedic Institute
Thomas Trojian MD, CAQSM, FACSM Chief of the Division of Sports Medicine at Drexel University
Justin D'Ancona
Robert Senior Event coverage, Sports Doc contributor
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