Fire and Fury
Inside the Trump White House
By Michael Wolff
Henry Holt. 321 pp. $30
Reviewed by Carlos Lozada
The pages of this book are littered with insults and intrigue, backstabbing and dysfunction. If there is one thing we've learned during the first year of the Trump presidency - something Fire and Fury affirms - it is that in this White House, intrigue is the thing, substance is almost incidental, and policy is often just a weapon wielded in the service of careerism, vanity, personal advantage, and brand management. The president himself appears driven by insecurity, ego, and a constant fear of ridicule and failure more than by any ideological conviction. "He hopelessly personalized everything," Wolff writes of Trump's first nine months in the Oval Office. "He saw the world in commercial and show business terms: someone else was always trying to one-up you, someone else was always trying to take the limelight."
The central players in Wolff's account are former White House strategist Stephen K. Bannon, former chief of staff Reince Priebus, and somehow-still-hanging-on senior adviser Jared Kushner. Their views clashed in Trump's frenetic, distracted, uninterested mind. "It was quite clear that deciding between contradictory policy approaches was not his style of leadership," Wolff writes of the president. "He simply hoped that difficult decisions would make themselves."
Trump's disdain for policy details was evident in some of the most crucial decisions and initiatives of his young presidency. During the transition period, when House Speaker Paul Ryan and Rep. Tom Price (who became Trump's first secretary of Health and Human Services) came to discuss the effort to repeal and replace Obamacare, the president-elect kept "trying to turn the conversation to golf," Wolff reports. In one meeting, he blurted out conservative heresy - "Why can't Medicare simply cover everybody?" - less out of conviction than in an effort just to move on.
When Trump had to decide how to respond to the Syrian government's use of chemical weapons, to both Kushner and national security adviser H.R. McMaster, Wolff writes, "it seemed obvious that the president was more annoyed about having to think about the attack than by the attack itself." Similarly, the administration's deliberations on the war in Afghanistan underscored how Trump "did not like to make decisions, at least not ones that seemed to corner him into having to analyze a problem."
A particularly brutal moment, Wolff reports, came in March, when deputy chief of staff Katie Walsh confronted Kushner about Trump's objectives. "Just give me the three things the president wants to focus on," she pleaded. "What are the three priorities of this White House?" Kushner's response: "Yes, we should probably have that conversation."
Establishing policy priorities has not been, well, a priority for this White House. Instead, the president has been preoccupied with his often negative portrayal in the news media, a nearly lifelong obsession. He does not view criticism as a response to his positions and statements, but as a personal attack. Trump complained that journalists' attacks against him were without precedent. "He had reviewed the treatment of all other presidents in the media and there was nothing like this ever, even of Nixon who was treated very unfairly." It's vintage Trump: He must claim he's the best at being treated the worst.
Wolff's prose is lively and entertaining - Fire and Fury is at times a riveting read - but the author has something of a mixed reputation as a faithful chronicler of reality. As Washington Post media reporter Paul Farhi points out, Wolff "has been accused of not just re-creating scenes in his books and columns, but of creating them wholesale." In a prefatory author's note to this book, Wolff writes that the work is based on more than 200 interviews with campaign and White House staffers over the last 18 months, and he claims that shortly after Trump's inauguration, he "took up something like a semipermanent seat on a couch in the West Wing." He says he sometimes offers conflicting accounts of particular events so readers can make their own judgments, and in other instances he has "settled on a version of events I believe to be true."
Believe is not a terribly comforting word. Know or confirm is better.
The White House, in the most predictable response ever, has threatened libel charges and called on Henry Holt & Co. to cease and desist from disseminating the book. (The publisher's response was to move up the release date.)
The president's mental capacity has become a subject of public debate, and in this book Wolff suggests Trump's faculties are deteriorating. He describes the president as "semiliterate," unable to conduct a meaningful one-on-one exchange with another person, and prone to awkward repetitions in speech. Wolff is not a mental-health professional, and his concerns seem to mix temperamental and cognitive fitness. But if it is true, as he reports, that people close to Trump are seriously questioning whether the president has "the wherewithal to adequately function in his job," that becomes a matter of national concern, especially when the self-proclaimed "very stable genius" in the White House is bragging about his big, powerful nuclear button.
Yes, we should probably have that conversation.
Carlos Lozada reviews books for the Washington Post, where this review first appeared.