Is 'Saving Mr. Banks' too hard on 'Mary Poppins' creator?
In the winter of 1933, in a thatched cottage in Sussex, England, a complicated woman named Pamela "P.L." Travers began to write Mary Poppins, the first in a series of novels that would inspire the beloved 1964 Walt Disney movie and supply generations of children with a magical fantasy nanny.
The reality of Travers' turbulent childhood - and her reluctance as an adult to relinquish control over her characters to Walt Disney - is the subject of the movie Saving Mr. Banks, which has just gone into wide release. Directed by John Lee Hancock, Saving Mr. Banks follows Travers (Emma Thompson) as she travels to the Disney lot in Burbank, Calif., for two weeks in 1961, tangling with and tormenting the studio chief (Tom Hanks). The visit inspires Travers to recall her childhood in Australia, in particular her father, a charismatic drunk played by Colin Farrell.
Some critics have complained that Saving Mr. Banks, which Disney produced and distributed, is too hard on Travers and too easy on the company's founder. Travers is cold, critical, and strange - arbitrarily objecting, for instance, to having the color red in the movie and dismissing Disney's "silly cartoons." "Uncle Walt," by contrast, is jovial and encouraging, with few flaws to speak of, save for a bad smoker's cough.
Almost all of what appears in Saving Mr. Banks is true. Travers really did hector and frustrate the people at Disney, a fact substantiated by 39 hours of audio recordings of the author's sessions with Mary Poppins screenwriter Don DaGradi, who is played by Bradley Whitford, and songwriter brothers Richard Sherman (Jason Schwartzman) and Robert Sherman (B.J. Novak).
But the makers of Saving Mr. Banks admit they took some liberties with Travers' often-tragic life story - they say they actually added a spoonful of sugar.
Travers "was an incredibly difficult person and actually much more difficult than she's portrayed in the film," said Kelly Marcel, who shares screenplay credit on the movie with Sue Smith. "But the more I found out about her childhood, the more I felt for her. A lot of children's authors create these characters from places of tragedy and darkness. I felt it was a beautiful story even though she was an absolute pain."
Australian producer Ian Collie, who made a documentary about Travers in 2002, hatched the idea for a biopic about her, eventually involving independent producers in Britain, a path to the screen that was initially without any Disney input.
Smith, an Australian writer, penned the first draft of the screenplay, which focused on Travers' strange single-motherhood tale; in real life, she had promised to adopt twin boys, and at the last minute decided to raise only one, never telling him about his brother. (Travers' son, Camillus, died in 2011, having eventually met his twin brother as an adult in a bar.)
When Marcel came onto the project, she decided to leave out Camillus and split the script into a dual narrative, with one thread focused on Travers' childhood, the other on two weeks of her decades-long feud with Disney. She also introduced a fictional character, an optimistic driver played by Paul Giamatti, with whom Travers finally shares a human moment.
"I felt we didn't have a bridge to her feelings," Marcel said. "We need someone to like her."
Marcel's script earned a spot on the Black List - a list of hot, unproduced screenplays circulating in Hollywood - and attracted the attention of executives at Disney, the only studio that could have made a movie so laden with Disney intellectual property.
"Once Disney bought the script, my big fear was, they're going to try and sanitize Walt," Marcel said. "There are going to be so many rules and stipulations, they're going to say he can't smoke, he can't drink. And then they didn't."
Marcel said one change the studio asked her to make to the movie, which is rated PG-13, was to remove a swear word. Disney is not shown smoking but does stub out a cigarette.
Reviews for the film have mainly been more positive than negative, and Thompson has earned Golden Globe and Screen Actors Guild nominations for her performance. But some critics have objected to what they consider a pro-Walt slant in a movie coming from the man's own studio. LA Weekly's Amy Nicholson wrote, "There's something sour in a movie that roots against a woman who asserted her artistic control."
Marcel said she's surprised by the critique. "I think I'm incredibly sympathetic toward [Travers] in this film," Marcel said. "I don't understand those reviews, but she's a tricky character."
Travers spent her later years writing other novels, poetry, and nonfiction (none as commercially successful as Mary Poppins) and pursuing an interest in various spiritual ideas, including the teachings of the mystic George Gurdjieff and Zen mysticism, before dying in London in 1996.
Valerie Lawson, author of the Travers biography Mary Poppins, She Wrote, who has seen Saving Mr. Banks, defends its portrait of a difficult woman.
"Travers was prickly, but she had good reason to be unhappy," Lawson said, "as she went through many private struggles and, in many ways, was a woman who could rely only on herself."