Thursday, August 27, 2015

A farming budget that grew debt

Author and radio talk show host Dave Ramsey.
Author and radio talk show host Dave Ramsey.

Dear Dave,

I have a 140-acre farm, and I recently began running my operation debt free. The problem is that I have $250,000 in debt hanging on from bad decisions in the past, and the varying expenses in my business make it difficult to budget. Do you have any suggestions for budgeting in a volatile industry like mine?

- Tyler

Dear Tyler,

Obviously, you want to set up a separate budget and run a profit and loss statement. You'll want to estimate the income, as best you can, for the year, and you'd need to estimate your expenses item by item and category by category for the year. Then, you'll want to break that down by month. This is called laying out a business pro forma. In other words, a business budget.

Next, you've got two goals to work toward with your profits. By profits, I mean after you've paid household expenses. That includes a living wage, enough to operate, keeping food on the table, the lights on and that sort of thing. After basic living expenses are out of the way, your net profit in the business should be divided between retained earnings-which is savings-and debt reduction. The idea here is that you're going to put the lion's share toward paying off debt. Still, you need to have something set aside for a rainy day. In your case, that could be taken literally.

Keep in mind that in business, retained earnings are used for more than just emergencies. They're also for buying equipment, more land and anything else that will grow your operation. But you always want a pad in there for that and other reasons. What if you have a strange year, and your budget estimates were way off? It could be unexpected expenditures or the fact that you simply had a bad year. In business, that's called an emergency, and you'd take that out of retained earnings.

Doing a budget, whether it's in personal finance or a business, is something that gets easier and more accurate with time. You won't get everything right the first couple of tries, but over time your estimates and budgeting skills will become more accurate because they'll be based on experience.

Good luck, Tyler!

- Dave

Dave Ramsey is America's trusted voice on money and business. He's authored four New York Times best-selling books: Financial Peace, More Than Enough, The Total Money Makeover and EntreLeadership. The Dave Ramsey Show is heard by more than 6 million listeners each week on more than 500 radio stations. Follow Dave on Twitter at @DaveRamsey and on the web at

Syndicated Columnist
We encourage respectful comments but reserve the right to delete anything that doesn't contribute to an engaging dialogue.
Help us moderate this thread by flagging comments that violate our guidelines.

Comment policy: comments are intended to be civil, friendly conversations. Please treat other participants with respect and in a way that you would want to be treated. You are responsible for what you say. And please, stay on topic. If you see an objectionable post, please report it to us using the "Report Abuse" option.

Please note that comments are monitored by staff. We reserve the right at all times to remove any information or materials that are unlawful, threatening, abusive, libelous, defamatory, obscene, vulgar, pornographic, profane, indecent or otherwise objectionable. Personal attacks, especially on other participants, are not permitted. We reserve the right to permanently block any user who violates these terms and conditions.

Additionally comments that are long, have multiple paragraph breaks, include code, or include hyperlinks may not be posted.

Read 0 comments
comments powered by Disqus
Business Videos:
Also on
letter icon Newsletter