Saturday, April 25, 2015

Exercising with high blood pressure

High blood pressure, or hypertension, is one of the most common medical problems-affecting about one quarter of all Americans. It is also the most common cardiovascular condition in competitive athletes

Exercising with high blood pressure

iStockphoto

High blood pressure, or hypertension, is one of the most common medical problems—affecting about one quarter of all Americans. It is also the most common cardiovascular condition in competitive athletes.

Blood pressure can be thought of as looking at the stress on the heart. The top number is known as the systolic pressure and measures the stress when the heart is actively beating. The bottom number is called the diastolic pressure which measures the stress when the heart is at rest, between beats. The greater the stress on the heart, the greater the risk of strokes, heart attacks, and heart failure.

In adults, normal blood pressure is less than 120/80. Blood pressure between 120-139/80-89 is considered pre-hypertension, which puts someone at an increased risk of developing hypertension in their future. Stage 1 hypertension is when the blood pressure is between 140-159/90-99. Stage 2 is over 160/100, which puts you at a 150-300% increased risk of having a stroke, heart attack, or heart failure.

So if you have high blood pressure, what can you do to get it down? Eating a healthy diet and exercising are a great start. But, depending on the height of your blood pressure, there may be certain exercises you should avoid until your blood pressure is under better control. In particular, anyone with stage 2 hypertension needs to have their blood pressure controlled before they start an exercise program. Your doctor can discuss these issues with you in detail.

Cutting out foods and drugs that can raise blood pressure will help also. Caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco are common agents that elevate the blood pressure, as are certain over-the-counter medications like decongestants and appetite suppressants.

While lifestyle modifications are great for your overall health, they may only help to lower the blood pressure by about 10 points, which may not be enough. Often time medication is needed to fully control the blood pressure. Many options for medications exist, but some of them are better than others for athletes.

Medications preferred by many athletes are those that do not affect exercise tolerance and heart rate response to exercise. ACE inhibitors and Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs) both are very well tolerated and are the least likely to cause any problems with exercise.

Medications like Beta blockers and Calcium Channel blockers, while excellent medications to help control blood pressure, can decrease the heart rate and also possibly affect exercise tolerance and are typically not used as first line agents for treatment of blood pressure in athletes.

Elite athletes who participate in events sanctioned by national or international governing bodies need to make sure any medication they take is not part of the banned substances list for their sport.


Read more Sports Doc for Sports Medicine and Fitness.

About this blog

Whether you are a weekend warrior, an aging baby boomer, a student athlete or just someone who wants to stay active, this blog is for you. Read about our growing list of expert contributors here.

J. Ryan Bair, PT, DPT, SCS Founder and Owner of FLASH Sports Physical Therapy, Board Certified in Sports Physical Therapy
Brian Cammarota, MEd, ATC, CSCS, CES Partner at Symetrix Sports Performance
Ellen Casey, MD Physician with Drexel University Sports Medicine
Desirea D. Caucci, PT, DPT, OCS Co-owner of Conshohocken Physical Therapy, Board Certified Orthopedic Clinical Specialist
Michael G. Ciccotti, M.D. Head Team Physician for Phillies & St. Joe's; Rothman Institute
Julie Coté, PT, MPT, OCS, COMT Magee Rehabilitation Hospital
Justin D'Ancona Philly.com
Peter F. DeLuca, M.D. Head Team Physician for Eagles, Head Orthopedic Surgeon for Flyers; Rothman Institute
Joel H. Fish, Ph.D. Director of The Center For Sport Psychology; Sports Psychology Consultant for 76ers & Flyers
R. Robert Franks, D.O. Team Physician for USA Wrestling, Consultant for Phillies; Rothman Institute
Ashley B. Greenblatt, ACE-CPT Certified Personal Trainer, The Sporting Club at The Bellevue
Brian Maher, BS, CSCS Owner, Philly Personal Training
Julia Mayberry, M.D. Attending Hand & Upper Extremity Surgeon, Main Line Hand Surgery P.C.
Jim McCrossin, ATC Strength and Conditioning Coach, Flyers and Phantoms
Gavin McKay, NASM-CPT Founder/Franchisor, Unite Fitness
Heather Moore, PT, DPT, CKTP Owner of Total Performance Physical Therapy, North Wales and Hatfield, PA
Kelly O'Shea Senior Producer, Philly.com
Tracey Romero Sports Medicine Editor, Philly.com
David Rubenstein, M.D. Sports Medicine Surgeon, Rothman Institute
Robert Senior Event coverage, Sports Doc contributor
Justin Shaginaw, MPT, ATC Athletic Trainer for US Soccer Federation; Aria 3B Orthopaedic Institute
Thomas Trojian MD, CAQSM, FACSM Associate Chief of the Division of Sports Medicine at Drexel University
Latest Videos
Also on Philly.com:
Stay Connected