Friday, August 1, 2014
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One man's 'castle' law is another's coffin

Town-watch volunteer George Zimmerman told Florida police he felt so threatened by a 17-year-old high schooler toting only a soft drink and a bag of Skittles that he had to gun him down.

One man's 'castle' law is another's coffin

Phoebe Denson (left) and Myrtle Hudson march Sunday in Titusville, Fla., demanding justice over the Trayvon Martin killing. FloridaToday.com
Phoebe Denson (left) and Myrtle Hudson march Sunday in Titusville, Fla., demanding justice over the Trayvon Martin killing. FloridaToday.com

Town-watch volunteer George Zimmerman told Florida police he felt so threatened by a 17-year-old high schooler toting only a soft drink and a bag of Skittles that he had to gun him down.

* EDITORIAL *

As preposterous as that sounds, the self-defense claim carried enough weight with police in the Seminole County town of Sanford that Zimmerman, 28, has yet to be charged in the death of Trayvon Martin, a well-liked Miami teen with no criminal record.

That’s because Florida — like Pennsylvania, among nearly two-dozen other states — in recent years enacted a reckless law that gives citizens the right to use lethal force if they feel threatened.

Does Florida teen's shooting death make the case for revoking 'stand your ground' self-defense laws?
Yes, protect against trigger-happy gun owners
No, can't generalize from one shooting
Yes, criminals use it to defend shooting each other
No, but need better oversight of who gets a gun permit

Fortunately, Zimmerman’s story is unraveling.

With the welcome news late Monday that the U.S. Justice Department will open a civil-rights investigation — along with a Florida county grand jury probe — more and more troubling details of the Feb. 26 shooting of Martin are coming to light.

There’s a 911 call in which Zimmerman was told by police to back off, rather than approach the teen he suspected of planning a break-in. He ignored the directive. Moments later, he shot Martin.

On the 911 recording, Zimmerman is heard to utter a racial epithet and express frustration that criminals “always get away.”

Most damaging of all to Zimmerman’s claim that he was attacked, without anyone as a witness, is a report that a clearly worried Martin phoned his girlfriend to tell her he was being stalked.

The full investigation that’s warranted also must examine why Sanford police failed to test Zimmerman’s sobriety. Was there racial bias in how police approached the case?

Even as this case gets intense scrutiny, there’s still all the self-defense statutes that could shield other reckless shooters. It’s a problem that could come home to roost in any Pennsylvania community — especially in Philadelphia, where gun violence is epidemic in some neighborhoods.

While long recognized as a valid defense when someone is attacked inside his home, these expanded “castle doctrine” laws, as they’re known, now cover virtually every setting. With states also being pushed by the National Rifle Association to loosen rules on carrying weapons, and gun owners emboldened by expanded self-defense rules, the risk for violent confrontations grows.

So a road-rage incident or tavern quarrel that might have led to a scuffle may now erupt in gunfire, with the last man standing claiming a right to shoot because he felt threatened. Even more perverse, drug dealers and other criminals settling scores can claim a legal right to replay the O.K. Corral.

In Harrisburg, both Gov. Corbett and the majority-holding Republican lawmakers knew the risks when they expanded the state’s “castle” doctrine last year. With the Florida case, they have more than enough evidence that the law should be repealed.

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The Inquirer Editorial Board's Say What? opinion blog showcases the work of the editors and writers who produce the newspaper's daily and Sunday opinion pages.

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