Saturday, December 27, 2014

How to keep your food (and family) safer

It seems absurd to me that in our industrialized world, too often we can't trust our own food sources. Luckily, things are starting to change.

How to keep your food (and family) safer

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For many of us, we’ve only heard about food-borne illness in the news. You may have then checked your jar of peanut butter to make sure it wasn’t recalled and moved on with your day.

However, for some, the repercussions of buying the wrong vegetable or cut of meat can literally mean life or death.

It seems absurd to me that in our industrialized world, too often we can’t trust our own food sources. Luckily, things are starting to change.

President Obama passed the Food Safety Modernization Act in 2011, which is a “Common-sense law that shifts the food safety focus from reactive to preventive." This past week, the Food and Drug Administration released the first two of five proposed rules that focus on prevention.

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The first, “Controls for Human Food” states that facilities that process, package, or store food will need to evaluate potential hazards in their products, identify how to minimize those hazards, and keep documentation on those controls.

The second, “Produce Safety” aims to set standards on water sanitation, hand hygiene, animal control in growing areas, soil additions, and building sanitations.

Hopefully, this is the start to safer and healthier food sources. Until these rules are in place, here are a few tips that can help to keep your family safe:

  1. ALWAYS wash your produce. Fruits can be washed under warm water, while vegetables should stay under cold. Though “produce washes” are available, there is no conclusive data that they protect you against food-borne pathogens better than water alone.     
  2. Stay temperature safe. Keep hot foods above 140 F, and cold foods below 40F. Foods between that range are at higher risk of bacterial growth.
  3. Prepare your fresh produce first, then move to meats. When preparing meals in a busy kitchen, it can be easy to cross-contaminate foods. If you use one cutting board        and one knife to cut clean all produce first before starting on any other items, you lessen your risk of transferring bacteria from uncooked meats.            
  4. Strategize your refrigerator. Put the raw foods you don’t plan to cook at the top of your refrigerator, and then work your way down to the uncooked meats and seafood at the bottom. Storing your foods this way decreases the chance that juices from that raw chicken will drip onto the grapes that you were planning to have for your snack.  

I am looking forward to having a safer food supply, and enjoying my peanut butter and produce in peace.

- By Beth Wallace

Beth Wallace Smith, R.D. Registered Dietitian at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
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The Healthy Kids blog is your window into the latest news, research and advice around children's health. Learn more about our growing list of contributors here.

If you have questions about your child's health, ask them here.

Anna Nguyen Healthy Kids blog Editor
Sarah Levin Allen, Ph.D., CBIS Assistant Professor of Psychology at Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
Stephen Aronoff, M.D., M.B.A. Chair of the Department of Pediatrics at Temple University Hospital
Peter Bidey, D.O. Medical Director of Family Medicine at Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
Christopher C. Chang, MD, PhD, MBA, FAAAAI, FACAAI Associate Professor of Medicine in division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Clinical Immunology at UC Davis
Katherine K. Dahlsgaard, Ph.D. Lead Psychologist of The Anxiety Behaviors Clinic at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Gary A. Emmett, M.D., F.A.A.P Director of Hospital Pediatrics at TJU Hospital & Pediatrics Professor at Thomas Jefferson Univ.
Mario Cruz, M.D. Pediatrician, Associate Director of Pediatric Residency Program at St. Christopher’s Hospital for Children
Magee DeFelice, M.D. Division Chief of Allergy and Immunology at Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children
Hazel Guinto-Ocampo, M.D. Chief of Pediatric Emergency Services at Nemours duPont Pediatrics/Bryn Mawr Hospital
Rima Himelstein, M.D. Adolescent Medicine Specialist at Crozer-Keystone Health System
Jessica Kendorski, PhD, NCSP, BCBA-D Associate Professor in School Psychology/Applied Behavior Analysis at Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
Anita Kulick President & CEO, Educating Communities for Parenting
Janet Rosenzweig, MS, PhD, MPA VP for Programs & Research for Prevent Child Abuse America
Beth Wallace Smith, R.D. Registered Dietitian at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Jeanette Trella, Pharm.D Managing Director at The Poison Control Center at CHOP
W. Douglas Tynan, Ph.D., ABPP Director of Integrated Health Care for American Psychological Association
Flaura Koplin Winston, M.D., Ph.D. Scientific Director of the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia’s Center for Injury Research and Prevention
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