Monday, January 26, 2015

Correcting Corrections

State Corrections Secretary John Wetzel says the prison system is "inefficient" but there's a program under way to make it better.

Correcting Corrections

You know how some things that tax dollars pay for never seem to get better or cost less?

Well, the state's massive prison system (16,000 employees; 51,000 inmates), the third most expensive budget item in Pennsylvania, is trying to both get better AND cost less.

Corrections Secretary John Wetzel calls the current system "inefficient" and says we don't need to spend $2 billion a year to run it.

The state budget proposal before the Legislature calls for the first prisons spending cut in decades. It's modest, from $1.88 billion to $1.87 billion, but it's a start.

Wetzel, a from-the-ground-up corrections official and former offensive line football coach at Shippensburg University, started as a guard in Lebanon County in 1989.

He spoke Monday at a Pennsylvania Press Club luncheon.

Wetzel stressed that one-third of all new prisoners - 3,500 a year - are "short-term offenders" sentenced to a year or less, often half of which is spent in county jails awating processing into the state system.

"The system was developed for major offenders," Wetzel said,"it was never set up for relatively short-term offenders."

But getting new prisoners into the system adds strain on resources and overall costs and increases the likelihood of recidivism that comes from putting non-violent criminals into populations of violent criminals.

The department now has established three housing units for new, short-term inmates and is streamlining the entry process.

In addition, the department has partnered with the Pew Charitable Trusts and the Council of State Governments for an A-to-Z review of the system.

After Wetzel spoke, I asked if all the mandatory sentencing laws of the 1990s were, in retrospect, a mistake.

He said that at the time, the crime numbers probably justified the laws but that they should have included sunset provisions. We don't have such provisions, he said.

I'm thinking maybe that was a mistake, and now might be a good time to fix it.

John Baer Daily News Political Columnist
About this blog
John Baer has been covering politics and government for the Daily News since 1987. The National Journal in 2002 called Baer one of the country's top 10 political journalists outside Washington, saying Baer has, "the ability to take the skin off a politician without making it hurt too much." E-mail John at

John is the author of the book "On The Front Lines of Pennsylvania Politics: Twenty-Five Years of Keystone Reporting" (The History Press, 2012). Reach John at

John Baer Daily News Political Columnist
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