Everything from a protest march to an email barrage was being considered as phone lines buzzed among Haitian immigrants trying to understand why the leader of the free world would put down their nation with so vulgar and demeaning a term.
Immigration and Customs Enforcement, known as ICE, asserts the right to arrest undocumented immigrants wherever they may be found. But agents generally avoid action at places they designate as "sensitive locations," from hospitals and churches to weddings and funerals.
Jeff Gammage, a staff writer, was part of the five-reporter team that won the 2012 Pulitzer Prize for public service. He’s the author of China Ghosts: My Daughter's Journey to America, My Passage to Fatherhood, and has written about adoption for publications including the New York Times. He is a 1982 graduate of James Madison University, and a recipient of the school’s Ronald E. Carrier Distinguished Alumni Achievement Award.